Organic Gardening

11 Flowering Plants for a Small Beautiful Balcony + Growing

Looking for a way to bring a garden of flowers to your small balcony space? Bring some color into your life with plants that will thrive under compact conditions and can keep blooming all summer long. 

Petunias growing on a balcony
Petunias growing on a balcony

I’ve put together this list to share 11 of my favorite flowering plants perfect for small balconies. From the classic Fuchsia to the exotic Marigold, each plant is known for its vibrant colors and beautiful blooms that last all summer long.

So, whether you’re an avid gardener or just starting out, keep reading to discover the best flowering plants for a small but beautiful balcony.


1. Fuchsia (Fuchsia magellanica)

Fuchsia
Fuchsia

Also known as the hardy fuchsia, Fuchsia magellanica is a beautiful and versatile plant that is the perfect addition to any small balcony. 

While it can tolerate some sun, keeping the plant in cool, moist conditions is recommended, as it prefers partial to full shade. Fuchsia magellanica does best in fertile, well-draining soil rich in humus. 

To keep the plant in the best shape, prune it in the spring before new growth begins. You can remove any dead, damaged, or diseased wood and any weak or spindly growth. 

Hardy fuchsia is resistant to pests and diseases, but it’s still crucial to monitor for any issues and address them promptly. 

During the growing season, keeping the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged is essential, as the plant doesn’t tolerate wet feet. Fertilizing the plant in the spring with a balanced fertilizer will help promote healthy growth and vibrant blooms. 

Botanical Name: Fuchsia (Fuchsia magellanica)
Growth Rate: Medium
Blooming Period: Long
Hardiness Zones: USDA 5A to 10B
Light: Partial shade to full sun
Soil Needs: Well-draining, nutrient-rich soil
Growing Period: Perennial
Ease of Care: Moderate
Diseases: Crown and root rots, verticillium wilt, rust, and Botrytis blight
Propagation: Stem cuttings, division, layering
Fertilizer: Regularly during the growing season
Pests: Spider mites, Whiteflies, Thrips and Aphids
Pot Size: Medium to large, hanging or wide
Pruning: Regularly to promote bushiness and flowering
Water Needs: Regular watering, but avoid overwatering
Fuchsia Growing Guide Chart

2. English Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)

English Lavender
English Lavender

English Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) is a charming and aromatic plant that is a must-have in any garden. This herbaceous perennial boasts beautiful, purple-blue flowers that bloom in the summer and are highly attractive to pollinators like bees and butterflies. 

English Lavender doesn’t require much fertilizer and must be watered only when the soil is dry. These plants do best in well-draining soil that is nutrient-rich and slightly alkaline.

Lavender plants can be propagated from cuttings or seeds, and pruning is essential to keep the plant in its best shape. With proper care, English Lavender can live up to 15 years.

Botanical Name: Lavandula angustifolia
Growth Rate: Moderate
Blooming period: Long (June to August)
Hardiness Zones: USDA 5A to 9B
Light: Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight per day)
Soil Needs: Well-draining, nutrient-rich, alkaline soil (pH 6.5-7.5)
Growing Period: Perennial
Ease of Care: Easy
Diseases: Root rot, fungal diseases, virus diseases
Propagation: Division, Stem cuttings, seeds
Fertilizer: Not necessary, but you can use a balanced fertilizer in the spring
Pests: Aphids, spider mites, whiteflies
Pot Size: Medium to large
Pruning: Prune after flowering to maintain shape and encourage new growth
Water Needs: Low to moderate / Drought Tolerant
English Lavender Growing Guide Chart

3. Raspberry Ice Paperflower (Bougainvillea)

Raspberry Ice Paperflower
Raspberry Ice Paperflower

Also known as Bougainvillea, Raspberry Ice Paperflower is a beautiful and vibrant flowering plant. With its cascading branches covered in bright pink and white flowers, it will surely catch the eye of anyone passing by. 

This hardy plant thrives in full sun and requires well-draining soil, making it perfect for warmer climates. Its blooming period is long, with flowers appearing from late spring until fall. 

Maintenance is easy, with pruning required to control its growth and encourage blooming. However, I recommend being cautious, as improperly handling the plant’s thorny branches can cause injury. Despite this, Bougainvillea is a rewarding plant to care for, and its stunning flowers make it a standout addition to any small balcony.

Botanical Name: Bougainvillea
Growth Rate: Fast
Blooming period: Long
Hardiness Zones: USDA 9B to 10B
Light: Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
Soil Needs: Well-draining, nutrient-rich soil, Acid (<6.0)
Growing Period: Perennial
Ease of Care: Moderate
Diseases: Sensitive to fungal diseases and root rot
Propagation: Seeds, Stem cuttings or layering
Fertilizer: High phosphorus and nitrogen fertilizer for blooms
Pests: Mealybugs, spider mites, aphids
Pot Size: Large or hanging baskets for trailing types
Pruning: Prune to shape and control size
Water needs: Drought-tolerant, but likes consistent moisture
Raspberry Ice Paperflower Growing Guide Chart

4. Morning Glories (Ipomoea)

Morning Glories
Morning Glories

Morning glories are sure to brighten any balcony garden with their showy, trumpet-shaped flowers that bloom in a wide range of colors, from deep blues to vibrant pinks and purples. They are fast-growing plants that can reach heights of up to 6 inches or more, making them perfect for covering trellises, walls, and fences.

Morning glories are low-maintenance plants that thrive in full sunlight, perfect for north or south facing balconies and prefer well-drained soil. They grow best in hardiness zones 3 through 10 and bloom from mid-summer to early fall. 

These plants require moderate watering, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between waterings. They do not require fertilizer, but a light application of compost can help to improve soil quality. 

Morning glories can be easily propagated by seed or stem cuttings, which are generally resistant to diseases and pests. To keep them looking their best, they may need to be pruned occasionally to control their growth and shape. 

Botanical Name: Ipomoea
Growth Rate: Fast
Blooming period: Long
Hardiness Zones: USDA 3 to 10
Light: Full sun
Soil Needs: Well-draining, nutrient-rich
Growing Period: Annual or perennial
Ease of Care: Easy
Diseases: Root rot, leaf spot, rust, canker
Propagation: Seed, sowing and cutting
Fertilizer: Low-nitrogen fertilizer every four to five weeks
Pests: Spider mites, aphids
Pot Size: Medium to large
Pruning: Prune regularly to encourage branching
Water needs: Regular watering, but avoid overwatering
Morning Glories Growing Guide Chart

5. Marigold (Tagetes)

Marigold
Marigold

Marigolds grow quickly and will start blooming in early summer until frost. They prefer full sun and well-drained, fertile soil. They are relatively low-maintenance and can tolerate neglect, making them an excellent option for novice gardeners. Marigolds are great patio companions since their smell can repel certain aphids and flies. 

However, they can be susceptible to powdery mildew, fungal leaf spots, and root rot, so it’s crucial to maintain good air circulation around the plants and avoid overwatering. Marigolds can be propagated from seed and benefit from regular fertilization every 4-6 weeks.

Deadheading spent blooms will encourage the plant to produce more flowers. Moderate watering is recommended, and you must wait until the top inch of the soil is dry before watering again.

Botanical Name: Tagetes
Growth Rate: Fast
Blooming period: Long
Hardiness Zones: USDA 2A to 11B
Light: Full sun
Soil Needs: Well-drained, fertile soil
Growing Period: Annual, Perennial 
Ease of Care: Easy
Diseases: Powdery mildew, fungal leaf spots, root rot
Propagation: Seeds
Fertilizer: Balanced fertilizer every 4-6 weeks
Pests: Spider mites, Japanese Beetles and Slugs
Pot Size: Small to medium
Pruning: Require little pruning 
Water needs: Moderate, water when the top inch of soil feels dry
Marigold Growing Guide Chart

6. Coral Bells (Heuchera)

Coral Bells
Coral Bells

Coral Bells are prized for their attractive red foliage that keeps its color all year round. It grows moderately and blooms in the spring to early summer, producing tiny bell-shaped flowers on slender stems. 

This plant thrives in partial shade to full sun and prefers well-drained, fertile soil. It is relatively easy to care for and can be propagated through division or cuttings. However, it is susceptible to crown rot and powdery mildew and may attract spider mites and aphids. 

To maintain its appearance, old or damaged foliage should be cut back in early spring and fertilized in early spring and midsummer. Regular watering is also necessary; the soil should be kept from drying out completely. 

Botanical Name: Heuchera
Growth Rate: Moderate
Blooming Period: Spring to early summer
Hardiness Zones: USDA 3A to 9B
Light: Partial shade to full sun
Soil Needs: Well-drained, fertile soil
Growing Period: Perennial
Ease of Care: Medium
Diseases: Rust, Bacterial lead and powdery mildew
Propagation: Division or cuttings
Fertilizer: Fertilize in early spring and midsummer
Pests: Weevils, mealybugs, Foliar nematodes and Japanese beetles
Pot Size: Medium to large
Pruning: Cut back old or damaged foliage in early spring
Water Needs: Regular watering, do not let the soil dry out
Coral Bells Growing Guide Chart

7. Rock Trumpet (Mandevilla)

Rock Trumpet
Rock Trumpet

Rock Trumpet, also known as Mandevilla, is a beautiful and exotic tropical known for its fast-growing vine with striking trumpet-shaped flowers that bloom profusely from spring to fall. 

Rock Trumpet requires full sun and well-draining, nutrient-rich soil to thrive. It is relatively easy to care for and requires regular watering and fertilization during the growing season. 

Pruning is necessary to maintain its shape and to promote new growth. Rock Trumpet can be propagated through stem cuttings, and it is relatively pest-free, making it a low-maintenance choice for gardeners of all levels. 

Botanical Name: Mandevilla
Growth Rate: Fast
Blooming period: Late spring to fall
Hardiness Zones: USDA 10A to 11B
Light: Full sun
Soil Needs: Well-draining, moist soil
Growing Period: Perennial
Ease of Care: Medium
Diseases: Root rot, leaf spot, powdery mildew
Propagation: Stem cuttings
Fertilizer: Balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every 2-3 weeks during heavy growth and flowering
Pests: Mealybugs, aphids, and scale insects 
Pot Size: Medium to large
Pruning: Prune in early spring to shape and control size
Water Needs: Regular watering, but avoid overwatering
Rock Trumpet Growing Guide Chart

8. Sweet Alyssum (Lobularia maritima)

Sweet Alyssum
Sweet Alyssum

Sweet Alyssum is a charming annual flower popular among gardeners for its delicate beauty and sweet fragrance. It is native to the Mediterranean region and grows best in full sun to partial shade, in well-draining, consistently moist soil. 

The plant produces clusters of tiny flowers that bloom in shades of white, pink, and lavender from spring to fall. It is a low-growing plant that reaches up to 8 inches in height and spreads up to 12 inches wide, making it an excellent choice for borders, containers, and hanging baskets. 

Sweet Alyssum is relatively disease and pest resistant, and the only pruning required is to deadhead spent blooms to encourage continuous blooming. 

Botanical Name: Lobularia maritima
Growth Rate: Moderate
Blooming Period: Long blooming period from spring to fall
Hardiness Zones: USDA 5A to 9B
Light: Full sun to partial shade
Soil Needs: Well-draining, nutrient-rich soil
Growing Period: Annual or Perennial, depending on the climate
Ease of Care: Easy to care for and low maintenance
Diseases: Downy mildew, stem and crown rots
Propagation: Seeds or cuttings
Fertilizer: Does not require regular fertilization as long as it is grown in reasonably fertile soil
Pests: Aphids or whiteflies
Pot Size: Small to medium-sized pots, as well as hanging baskets
Pruning: Regular deadheading can promote continued blooming
Water Needs: Regular watering is needed, especially in hot and dry conditions
Sweet Alyssum Growing Guide Chart

9. Crepe Jasmine (Tabernaemontana Divaricata)

Crepe Jasmine
Crepe Jasmine

With its fragrant, star-shaped, white flowers and glossy, dark green leaves, Crepe Jasmine adds a touch of elegance to any garden. 

It blooms throughout the year, but its peak blooming period is from spring to summer. It is a perennial plant that is relatively easy to care for and requires regular watering to moisten the soil. 

Pruning is recommended after the flowering season to maintain its shape and size. Propagation can be done through stem cuttings or seeds. 

While it is a low-maintenance plant, it can be susceptible to pests and diseases, including aphids and scale insects. 

Botanical Name: Tabernaemontana Divaricata
Growth Rate: Moderate
Blooming period: Long
Hardiness Zones: USDA 10B through 11
Light: Full sun to partial shade
Soil Needs: Well-draining, nutrient-rich, slightly acidic soil
Growing Period: Perennial
Ease of Care: Moderate
Diseases: No diseases are of major concern
Propagation: Seeds or cuttings
Fertilizer: Slow-release fertilizer recommended monthly for alkaline soils
Pests: Scales, sooty mold, mites and nematodes
Pot Size: Medium to large
Pruning: Prune after flowering to maintain the desired shape
Water needs: Regular watering, but not overwatering
Crepe Jasmine Growing Guide Chart

10. Pansies (Viola tricolor var. hortensis)

Pansies
Pansies

Pansies heart-shaped petals in vibrant shades of purple, yellow, white, and blue add a pop of color to any outdoor space. They are relatively easy to care for and are versatile in terms of their usage, as they can be planted in small containers or hanging baskets. 

Botanical Name: Viola tricolor var. hortensis
Growth Rate: Rapid
Blooming period: Long, often blooming from early spring until late fall
Hardiness Zones: USDA 2A to 9B
Light: Partial to full sun
Soil Needs: Rich, well-draining soil, Acid (<6.0), Neutral (6.0-8.0)
Growing Period: Typically grown as an annual
Ease of Care: Easy
Diseases: Fungal diseases, root rot and downy mildew
Propagation: Seeds or cuttings
Fertilizer: Water soluble, liquid fertilizer every 3 months
Pests: Aphids and slugs
Pot Size: Small to medium
Pruning: Deadheading spent blooms can promote more flowering
Water Needs: Water them weekly 
Pansies Growing Guide Chart

11. Petunias (Petunia hybrida Vilm)

Petunias
Petunias

Petunias are fast-growing and easy to care for, making them an excellent choice for novice gardeners. They require well-drained soil and plenty of sunlight but can also tolerate partial shade. 

Petunias benefit from regular fertilization and deadheading to promote continuous blooming. Common pests and diseases that affect petunias include aphids and botrytis blight, but these can be easily managed with proper care and maintenance.

Botanical Name: Petunia hybrida Vilm
Growth Rate: Fast
Blooming period: Long
Hardiness Zones: USDA 10A through 11B
Light: Full sun, partial shade
Soil Needs: Well-draining, nutrient-rich soil
Growing Period: Annual
Ease of Care: Easy/Medium
Diseases: Gray mold, powdery mildew, root rot
Propagation: Seeds, cuttings
Fertilizer: Balanced liquid fertilizer every 2-3 weeks
Pests: Aphids, spider mites, whiteflies
Pot Size: Medium to large
Pruning: Deadheading spent flowers to encourage new blooms
Water needs: Regular watering, keep the soil moist but prevent waterlogging
Petunias Growing Guide Chart

Final Thoguhts

Incorporating flowering plants into your balcony can liven up the atmosphere. There are many options to choose from, each with its unique characteristics and maintenance requirements. 

Whether you opt for the delicate beauty of the Sweet Alyssum or the showy blooms of the Petunia, there is a flowering plant out there for every preference and skill level. 

By considering factors such as light, soil, and water needs and available space, you can ensure your plants thrive and bring joy to your space. So why not add some blooming beauty to your life today?



Originally Posted Here

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