Organic Gardening

12 White Flowering Trees + Growing Guide Charts

A white flowering tree is a joy all year round. From its pale blooms in spring and summer then the fruit that follows, to autumnal fire of color and the bare beauty of winter, they never stop providing charm in the garden.

White flowering Catalpa tree
White flowering Catalpa tree

Here’s some of my favorite white bright bloomers for you to consider growing in your garden or yard.


1. Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa)

Kousa Dogwood
White flowering Kousa Dogwood

For year-round appeal, it’s hard to top the kousa dogwood. In the early spring, it’s densely covered with small white blooms that mature by summer into plump red raspberry-like fruit.

In the fall it flushes a rich reddish-purple and scarlet, and through winter shed bark gives the trunk and limbs an attracted mottled appearance. Dogwoods are available in a wide variety including pink flowering trees.

Botanical Name: Cornus kousa
Growth Rate: Slow
Approximate Mature Size: Up to 10m (33’) high and wide
Native Range: East Asia
Hardiness Zones: 5 to 8
Dangers: None recorded
Soil Needs: Organically rich, well draining loamy or sandy soils
Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Ease of Care: Easy
Diseases: Disease resistant
Propagation: Seed, layering, cutting
Fertilizer: Fertilize annually with slow release
Pests: Pest resistant
Blooming Period: Late spring to early summer
Pruning: Prune for shape if desired
Water needs: Moderate
Kousa Dogwood

2. Catalpa (Catalpa speciosa)

Catalpa
White trumpet flowers of the Catalpa tree

The catalpa tree is a deciduous American native known for its spectacular heart-shaped leaves and its abundant white trumpet-like flowers. It’s an important tree ecologically, as it’s the host tree for the lovely catalpa sphinx moth.

It also supplies hummingbirds, bees and other nectar lovers, and will grow in wet conditions that other trees may find challenging.

Botanical Name: Catalpa speciosa
Growth Rate: Moderate to rapid
Approximate Mature Size: Up to 30m (98’) tall and 15m (50’) wide
Native Range: United States
Hardiness Zones: 4 to 8
Dangers: May become invasive
Soil Needs: Prefers moist to wet loamy soils, but will tolerate most
Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Ease of Care: Moderate
Diseases: Largely disease resistant, some risk of wilts, blights and mildews in very damp conditions
Propagation: Seed, cuttings
Fertilizer: Not required
Pests: Catalpa sphinx moth
Blooming Period: Late spring to summer
Pruning: Prune for structure
Water needs: Moderate to high
Catalpa

3. Flowering Crabapple (Malus spp.)

Flowering Crabapple
White Flowering Crabapple

Pretty as a princess and just as fussy, the flowering crabapple is a spectacular tree that makes you work for those beautiful blossoms. They do tend to be a bit disease prone, especially in warmer parts of the world where bacterial and fungal issues may take the tree out before it matures enough to bloom.

But once they do, you’ll be rewarded with astonishing cascades of delicate apple blossoms, fragrant and almost ephemeral. There’s a reason they’re so popular despite all the effort.

Botanical Name: Malus spp.
Growth Rate: Moderate to slow
Approximate Mature Size: Varies by cultivar
Native Range: Worldwide range depending on species
Hardiness Zones: 4 to 8
Dangers: Seeds can be toxic if consumed in large amounts
Soil Needs: Organically rich, well draining loams
Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Ease of Care: Moderate
Diseases: Disease prone, watch especially for apple scab
Propagation: Cuttings
Fertilizer: Mulch regularly and apply compost or manure every six months
Pests: Aphids, mites, Japanese beetles, appletree borer, caterpillars
Blooming Period: Late spring
Pruning: Prune for shape and structure
Water needs: Low to moderate
Flowering Crabapple

4. Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.)

Hawthorn
Clusters of white Hawthorn flowers

Versatile hawthorn is easy to grow, with fantastic froths of white flowers and part red berries. They’re a common sight in English hedgerows and cottage gardens and can be trimmed into a shrub or hedge as well as allowed to grow to their full magnificent height.

The fruit is edible and popular with birds but be warned – many cultivars also sport wicked three-inch long thorns.

Botanical Name: Crataegus spp.
Growth Rate: Moderate
Approximate Mature Size: Up to 15m (50’) high and wide
Native Range: Asia, Europe, North Africa, North America
Hardiness Zones: 3 to 8
Dangers: May become invasive, many varieties are thorn bearing
Soil Needs: Tolerates most soils but prefers moist loam
Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Ease of Care: Easy
Diseases: Some risk of fireblight and rust
Propagation: Seed
Fertilizer: Fertilize annually with slow release granules formulated for flowering trees
Pests: Aphid, scale, cankerworms, leafminers, mites, lacebugs
Blooming Period: Spring
Pruning: Prune for shape and to restrict growth regularly
Water needs: Moderate
Hawthorn

5. Flowering Mazzard cherry (Prunus avium)

Flowering Mazzard cherry
Flowering Mazzard cherry

Cherry blossoms are one of nature’s greatest gifts, and the flowering mazzard cherry produces a bright white iteration of the iconic flower. They result in a luscious sweet red cherry once the blossoms have done their work.

It’s also an excellent climbing tree, a critical feature when small members of the gardening team are keen to gobble up every last cherry.

Botanical Name: Prunus avium
Growth Rate: Moderate
Approximate Mature Size: 9m (30’) high and wide
Native Range: Europe and asia
Hardiness Zones: 3 to 8
Dangers: Can become invasive
Soil Needs: Will tolerate most soil types
Exposure: Full sun
Ease of Care: Moderate
Diseases: Prone to fungal disease, galls, mildew, canker, and black knot
Propagation: Seed, cutting
Fertilizer: Fertilize annually with balanced slow release granules
Pests: Aphid, fruit flies, saw flies, scale. Fruit favored by birds and arboreal mammals.
Blooming Period: Spring
Pruning: Prune in winter
Water needs: Moderate, drought tolerant once established
Flowering Mazzard cherry

6. Black Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa)

Black Chokeberry
White star fowers on the Black Chokeberry tree

A compact tree that sometimes grows as a shrub, this deciduous plant is a fall stunner. Its leaves flush crimson red each year, scattering to reveal rugged textured bark beneath.

Black chokecherry flowers are just as lovely, tight clusters of five-petalled star flowers speckled with scarlet anthers. They turn to rich dark fruit beloved by wildlife.

Botanical Name: Aronia melanocarpa
Growth Rate:  Moderate
Approximate Mature Size: 3m (10’) high and 2m (7’) wide
Native Range: Eastern United States
Hardiness Zones: 3 to 8
Dangers: None recorded
Soil Needs: Tolerates most soils including poorly draining and wet soils
Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Ease of Care: Moderate
Diseases: Some risk of leaf spot and fruit blight
Propagation: Seed
Fertilizer: Not required
Pests: Pest resistant
Blooming Period: Spring
Pruning: Prune for shape
Water needs: Low
Black Chokeberry

7. Carolina Silverbell (Halesia Carolina)

Carolina Silverbell
Small white Carolina Silverbell flowers

If you’re as taken with the flowers of the dainty Lily of the Valley or secretive Solomon’s Seal but would like something larger, then look no further than the Carolina silverbell.

It features arching stems of delicate, dreamy white bell flowers that hang from the previous year’s growth. Its care needs are easily met, and you can even trim it down to a shrub if you’d like to keep those magical flowers in easy view.

Botanical Name: Halesia Carolina
Growth Rate: Moderate
Approximate Mature Size: Up to 20m(66’) tall and 10m (33’) tall
Native Range: Southeastern United States
Hardiness Zones: 4 to 8
Dangers: None recorded
Soil Needs: Tolerates most soil types
Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Ease of Care: Easy
Diseases: Disease resistant
Propagation: Seed, cuttings, layering
Fertilizer: Not required
Pests: Pest resistant
Blooming Period: Spring
Pruning: Prune for shape if desired
Water needs: Moderate
Carolina Silverbell

8. White Fringe Tree (Chionanthus virginicus)

White Fringe Tree
Fluffy white flowers of the Fringe Tree

White fringe trees grow in plump round masses, and when covered in their fluffy white flowers they look almost like a huge fuzzy pompom. Each flower is a tassel-like cluster of white petals, making for a playful overall effect.

They’re a North American native beloved by birds and insects for their fantastically sweet-smelling flowers the abundant olive-like berries that follow.

Botanical Name: Chionanthus virginicus
Growth Rate: Slow
Approximate Mature Size: 6m (20’) tall and wide
Native Range: Eastern United States
Hardiness Zones: 3 to 9
Dangers: None recorded
Soil Needs: Prefers moist, well nourished soil but will tolerate most types
Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Ease of Care: Easy
Diseases: Disease resistant
Propagation: Seed, cutting
Fertilizer: Fertilize annually with balanced slow release granules
Pests: Some risk of scale or borers
Blooming Period: Late spring
Pruning: Not required
Water needs: Moderate
White Fringe Tree

9. Angel’s Trumpet (Brugmansia spp)

Angels Trumpet
Large Angel’s Trumpet flower

Arguably one of the largest nightshades, the angel’s trumpet is a spectacular plant boasting truly massive flowers. Each pale bloom can reach a foot or more long, is powerfully scented, and radiantly white.

They’re especially fragrant at night, and they’re popular pit stops for nectar-loving moths, butterflies and hummingbirds. Plant with caution, however, as every part of this plant is spectacularly toxic.

Botanical Name: Brugmansia spp.
Growth Rate: Rapid
Approximate Mature Size: 4m (14’) tall and wide
Native Range: South America
Hardiness Zones: 10b to 11
Dangers: Highly poisonous, invasive in the tropics
Soil Needs: Tolerates most soils
Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Ease of Care: Moderate
Diseases: Disease resistant
Propagation: Seed, cuttings
Fertilizer: Fertilize regularly in growing season with bloom boosting water soluble fertilizer
Pests: Whiteflies, cabbage worm, aphids, slugs, snails, mealybugs
Blooming Period: Spring to summer
Pruning: Prune to promote flowering and maintain shape
Water needs: High
Angel’s Trumpet

10. Bridal Wreath Spirea (Spiraea prunifolia)

Bridal Wreath Spirea
Compact flower clusters of the Bridal Wreath Spirea

The arching branches of the bridal wreath spirea evoke all the joy of a spring wedding. They form a low, sprawling shrub or elegant arching tree with a bit of pruning.

The flowers are small and double-petaled, a crisp shade of bright white. They benefit from regular hard pruning once flowering is complete, or they tend to become leggy.

Botanical Name: Spiraea prunifolia
Growth Rate: Moderate
Approximate Mature Size: Up to 2.5m (8’) tall and wide
Native Range: China and Taiwan
Hardiness Zones: 5b to 8a
Dangers: Can become invasive
Soil Needs: Most well-draining soils
Exposure: Full sun
Ease of Care: Easy
Diseases: Leaf spot, fire blight, mildew
Propagation: Cutting, seed
Fertilizer: Fertilize annually with compost only, over-fertilizing inhibits flowering
Pests: Aphids, leaf roller, scale
Blooming Period: Spring
Pruning: Cut back generously after flowering to promote  compact growth
Water needs: Moderate, drought resistant once established
Bridal Wreath Spirea

11. Bigleaf Magnolia (Magnolia Macrophylla)

Bigleaf Magnolia
Bigleaf Magnolia flowering tree

There’s no doubt how the Bigleaf Magnolia got its name. It produces some truly huge leaves, up to two and a half feet long. They’re the largest leaves of any native North American plant and do best planted away from large winds that may tear the foliage.

Their flowers are not as spectacular but nonetheless, radiate a stylish Southern charm. They’re open blowsy blooms with a heady, sweet fragrance that suffuses the whole area around the tree.

Botanical Name: Magnolia Macrophylla
Growth Rate: Slow
Approximate Mature Size: Up to 12m (40’) tall and wide
Native Range: Southeastern United States, Mexico and the Caribbean
Hardiness Zones: 5 to 8
Dangers: None recorded
Soil Needs: Organically rich, well-draining soils of most types
Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Ease of Care: Easy
Diseases: Leaf spots, root rot, molds, honey fungus
Propagation: Cuttings
Fertilizer: Fertilize annually with balanced slow release granules
Pests: Scale
Blooming Period: Spring to early summer
Pruning: Not required
Water needs: Moderate
Bigleaf Magnolia

12. Canadian Serviceberry (Amelanchier Canadensis)

Canadian Serviceberry
Canadian Serviceberry small white flowers

The Canadian Serviceberry is small but spectacular, an early bloomer that transforms each winter into a glowing mass of pure white blooms. It flowers before its new leaves emerge, and can seem almost like a ghost glowing in hidden woodland grottoes.

In the garden it’s a bit more down to earth, a low-maintenance plant that can be trimmed into a shrub or trained into a tree.

Botanical Name: Amelanchier Canadensis
Growth Rate: Moderate
Approximate Mature Size: Up to 9m (30’) tall and wide
Native Range: Eastern North America
Hardiness Zones: 4 to 8
Dangers: None described
Soil Needs: Tolerates most soil types if drainage needs are met
Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Ease of Care: Easy
Diseases: Some risk of Rust, leaf spot, blight and mildews
Propagation: Cuttings, seed
Fertilizer: Fertilize annually with balanced slow release granules
Pests: Some risk of sawfly, leaf miner, borers and scale
Blooming Period: Spring
Pruning: Prune for shape
Water needs: Moderate

FAQ

What Tree Blooms White Flowers In Early Spring?

There are a few early bloomers on this list. Hawthorn, Mazzard cherry, spirea, and Canadian serviceberry can all be relied on to flower in the early spring.

What is a white blooming tree that smells good?

It’s often noted that white flowers make up for a lack of gaudy color with powerful perfumes. Catalpa, hawthorn, crabapple, Mazzard Cherry, fringe-flower and magnolia are all deliciously scented. Angel trumpet also has a wonderful aroma, most noticeable at night.

Final thoughts

White blooming trees are stately residents in my garden. I love to linger in their summer shadows and soak in the ghostly glory of their radiant white blooms. Though they flower only a little, their benefits shine on all year round.



Originally Posted Here

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